Have you ever heard the origin-story of the teddy bear? The story goes that Teddy Roosevelt had taken a break from the Oval Office in the fall of 1902 to go black bear hunting in Mississippi. On the second day of the hunt, while the president was back at camp for lunch, the dogs cornered a bear and the hunting guide – wanting the president to have the honor of killing the bear – gave the beast a knock on the head, tied it to a tree, and summoned Roosevelt to return to the scene. Once Roosevelt got there, however, he couldn’t bring himself to kill it. Now, the bear’s life wasn’t spared (it was killed by someone else in the hunting party) but the tale of Roosevelt sparing the bear lived on as a Washington Post cartoon depicting the president walking away from the option to kill the bear. “Teddy’s Bear” was thus born as toy-makers took the image of the sad, cuddly bear and created the now-iconic children’s plush toy.
I heard this story on the TED Radio Hour segment entitled “Animals and Us” in which author and journalist Jon Mooallem is interviewed. He’s most well known for his contributions to the New York Times Magazine on animal-human relationships and for his 2013 book, “Wild Ones: A Sometimes Dismaying, Weirdly Reassuring Story About Looking at People Looking at Animals in America.” His theory on the significance of the teddy bear is one I had never considered. He sees this moment – when Roosevelt spares the bear – as pivotal in the American conservation movement. He says:
“Think about it. For most of human’s evolutionary history, what’s made bears impressive to us has been their complete independence from us. It’s that they live these parallel lives as menaces and competitors. By the time Roosevelt went hunting in Mississippi, that stature was being crushed. And the animal that he had roped to a tree really was a symbol for all bears. Whether those animals lived or died now was entirely up to the compassion or the indifference of people.”
Mooallem goes on to say that the real story of the teddy bear is about our relationship with nature, the stories we tell about nature, and “also about how – on the planet right now – the stories that we tell are dramatically changing nature.” He asks us to think about how in 1902 bears were considered dangerous monsters and how they, along with other predators like coyotes and wolves, were being systematically exterminated. The fact that in the midst of this, the bear became a cuddly toy signifies that people were feeling conflicted about impacting animal populations.
“It seems like we’re always stuck between demonizing a species and wanting to wipe it out. And then when we get very close to doing that, empathizing with it as an underdog and wanting to show it compassion… In a world of conservation reliance, those stories have very real consequences, because now how we feel about an animal affects its survival more than anything that you read about in ecology textbooks. Storytelling matters now. Emotion matters. Our imagination has become an ecological force. And so maybe the teddy bear worked in part because the legend of Roosevelt and that bear in Mississippi was kind of like an allegory of this great responsibility that society was just beginning to face up to back then.”
You can find Mooallem’s full TED talk about Roosevelt, the teddy bear and his theory on conservation here:
Did you know…
We are excited to announce that we have added three new members to Nature Net network – be sure to visit them this summer!
MMSD Planetarium: The Madison Metropolitan School District Planetarium provides immersive experiences for groups and public audiences, bringing out-of-this-world concepts down to Earth. A field trip destination for explorers of all ages, the Planetarium’s group programs are offered during the school day, but a limited number of after school and evening programs can be scheduled as well.
Cave of the Mounds: Cave of the Mounds National Natural Landmark is the premier cave in the upper Midwest and the jewel box of America’s major show caves! Guided tours depart daily all year long – be sure to check the website for specifics, as the hours change in different seasons.
Welty Environmental Center: The Welty Environmental Center in Beloit, WI offers year-round programs for all ages. The center is a place where both children and adults can gain hands-on encounters with biological, physical, and chemical elements of nature.
Also, 2018 Nature Passports are out! They were distributed to all MMSD and Monona elementary schools and are available at all Nature Net member sites, but if you can’t locate one and would like one, be sure to let us know! Learn more or download here.
To Do This Summer:
Family Field Trips: Community GroundWorks is thrilled to offer Family Field Trips almost every Tuesday and Friday at Troy Kids’ Garden and Goodman Youth Farm. Each field trip will feature hands-on outdoor activities for parents and kids of all ages: harvest and cook a healthy snack, plant seedlings, explore the worm compost bins, or create outdoor art. Learn more here!
Olbrich Gardens Summer Concert Series: Every Tuesday at 7 PM through August 4th, enjoy the summer evening with a concert on the Great Lawn of Olbrich’s outdoor gardens. A wide variety of music is highlighted, including folk, soul, jazz, classical, and much more. A $2 admission donation is suggested. Learn more here!
Walks @ UW Arboretum: The Arboretum offers tons of free guided nature walks throughout the summer. Some themes include “Identifying Summer Prairie Flowers,” “Insects Galore,” and “In Search of Butterflies.” Check their calendar for more!
Keeper Talks @ International Crane Foundation: Want to learn about the behind-the-scenes work done to care for cranes? Stop by the Crane Foundation headquarters on the first and third Sunday from July through September at 1:00 p.m. for a presentation by aviculture staff.
Recurring Events @ Madison Children’s Museum: There are SO many events occurring at MCM every day such as “Animal Feeding,” “Cabin Crafts,” “Insect Scavenger Hunt,” “Early Explorers Playground,” and so much more! Head to their website for more information.
New State Standards!
Did you know the Department of Public Instruction recently introduced newly revised standards for environmental education? The DPI website states, “The Wisconsin Standards for Environmental Literacy and Sustainability (ELS) have been adopted by the Wisconsin State Superintendent for school districts, educator preparation programs, and non-formal environmental education centers to consider in their work with environmental education.” The new standards not only identify what students should know, but also offers inspiration for integrating environmental education into all subject areas.
The new standards have three core strands:
- Connect encourages students to develop a sense of place and explore new perspectives and mental models, while encouraging curiosity and wonder.
- Explore helps students understand how ecological principles of networks, interdependence, diversity, and resilience are present in both natural and cultural systems.
- Engage suggests ways students can investigate concepts of dynamic balance between natural and cultural systems, and design and implement stewardship projects as active members of their community.
Want to learn more? Meet DPI and Green Schools Network experts and delve deeper into Connect, Explore, Engage at the upcoming Annual Conference hosted by the Wisconsin Association for Environmental Education.
How to Raise a Conservationist
It seems strange to me that the website I usually go to for recommendations on removing chocolate stains from the couch (ahem…) also has a WikiHow on “How to Get Children Interested in Conservation” – and it’s actually legitimate advice. Research shows that children who grow up to act responsibly on behalf of the earth have essentially one thing in common. They regularly spend free time in nature with a parent or mentor. The Department of Conservation in New Zealand puts nicley: “Research shows that empathy with, and love of, nature grows out of children’s regular contact with the natural world. Frequent, positive early childhood experiences with nature have a major impact on the healthy growth of a child’s mind, body, and spirit. Hands-on, informal, self-initiated exploration and discovery in local, familiar environments are often described as the best ways to engage and inspire children and cultivate a sense of place and a ‘sense of wonder.'”
So, here are just a few of the suggestions from WikiHow to get you started:
- Instill an appreciation of nature by leading by example, getting out there together, and using your own backyard as a place of exploration.
- Encourage conservation at home through action and advocacy.
- Introduce conservation concerns in a fun and interactive way, and encourage problem-solving and community-building.
You can also take a few tips from the Rainy Day Sunny Play blog spot that suggests activities as simple as watching insects, observing birds, and visiting zoos (she also offers a few great reading suggestions). Have fun out there (and no more chocolate on the couch)!